24 October 2018
History 6: Essay Exam #2
As what it is today, masses amount of countries and natives were wiped away because of colonialism. The colonial period went on for quite a while and left numerous nations a durable inheritance. Countless decades passed, before the authoritative parity of its inheritance can be legitimately struck. From one perspective, it is anything but difficult to see the damaging powers that were set free; on the other, there was a record of decent commitment and want to serve the enthusiasm of the general population who had gone under colonial rule. Henceforth, when colonies were freed they were not set up to pick their own rulers and were left with parliamentary portrayal. In, “Born In Blood and Fire” by John Charles Chasteen, a professor of history of the University of North Carolina, he writes about the history of Latin America and the horrendous, radical conflicts that the natives of the land had to endure. He makes it clear that the reason for colonialism included financial misuse of the province’s common assets, colonial slavery and spreading Christianity.
Europeans mindset of colonizing Mexico for their financial assets (economics) embodies their selfishness in wiping out the native population for their monetary, materialistic gain. Chasteen mentions in his book, “For three centuries, Mexico would remain the richest and most populous places in the Americas, but first their indigenous rulers had to be defeated… Their precipitous defeat at the hands of a few hundred Spanish adventurers” (Chasteen 39). When the Spaniards stepped foot into Mexico they witness the beauty all around them. As Chasteen mentioned, Mexico was enriched with supplies that the Spaniards found mesmerizing. This sparked a selfish motive in them to colonize the people living there and the only way to accomplish this was to savagely slaughter. Sadly, the natives thought that the Spaniards were “god sent people.” However, this was all a hoax when the Spaniards started murdering them by the masses- taking advantage of these people who inhabited this precious place. Furthermore, Chasteen mentions the fortunes that were in Mexico, “Silver and sugar shaped the emerging colonial economies. Gold was the precious metal that first mesmerized the Europeans, however- gold from Aztec and Inca treasures…” (Chasteen 56). Cortes sent his first shipment of Aztec gold back to Spain in 1520, and from that minute, the gold rush was on. A large number of selfish Europeans heard stories of the immense wealth of the Aztec Empire and they set out to make their fortune simply like Cortes had. Some of them landed so as to join Cortes, however the majority of them didn’t. Mexico and the Caribbean before long loaded up with urgent, merciless troopers hoping to participate in the following gruesome victory. He also mentions, “Spaniards were offered Encomiendas..” (Chasteen 13). Spaniards demolished Mexican culture (civilizations, legacy structures). They butchered numerous locals and took heaps of assets, for example, silver and gold from Mexico, be that as it may, they never gave anything consequently. Spain made Encomienda –American Indians formerly granted to Spaniards– a framework and oppressed locals. In principle, it was a lawful framework, yet numerous locals were compelled to buckle down as slaves. Spain presented sicknesses to the local individuals. Local individuals had no protection from ailments, for example, measles, smallpox and flu. Thus, numerous locals passed away. All in all, the rich materials that encompassed Mexico motivated the Spaniards to progress in colonizing Mexico making the country into what is today. The empires built by the Natives are now disguised and hidden by the colonizing country of Spain- concealing the genocide.
Furthermore, colonial slavery remained an issue that colonized countries suffered. Chasteen mentions in his book, “Buying and selling slaves at markets, on the other hand, was a European tradition. The African slave trade per se began to take on massive proportions only after the Portuguese arrived in the 1400’s” (Chasteen 35). The Portuguese would use slaves as a basic essence to economic life. Slaves from Africa were sold by African slave dealers and to European slave brokers to be misused in an economical work constrain. They were then transported to provinces in North and South America and compelled to deal with estates of espresso, tobacco, cocoa, cotton and sugar; in the rice fields; in the development business; in silver and gold mines; as well as served in houses filling in as workers. To add on, he continues to write, “….The Portuguese established trading centers stocked with silks, linens, brass kettles, and rum…” (Chasteen 35). One of the main considerations that modified the essence of the slave exchange was the improvement of the manor framework in the Americas. Plantation – for this situation sugar ranches – by their temperament, utilized a more thorough beneficial daily practice and relied upon a vast pool of slave work. The Portuguese thought that Africans acquired immense strength and agreeability than the local natives, and subsequently, the Africans were viewed as more powerful in the sugar fields. As developing new countries, slavery impacted all of the countries. Somehow, every minority, anyone who was not white, were enslaved by the Europeans. Used to their own expense. To say that slavery only affected one part of the country is a candid thing to say. Because everyone was given to be a slave to these European manipulators. They even introduced the caste system in which people were separated into 5 sectors as the following goes: Peninsulars (Spaniards born in Spain), Creoles (Born in New Spain of Spanish Parents), Mestizos (Born of Spanish and Native American parents), Native American Indians and at the bottom sector were the enslaved persons (Brought from Africa to the Caribbean). Clearly, taking into account that slavery was partly due because of discriminating of race and skin the the biggest challenges in these developing countries was the obviously problem of race. If a person was not of Spaniard decent, then they were automatically belittled.
Moreover, Brazil was facing governmental issues where there was no reputation. Chasteen mentions in his book, “Pedro aimed to rule ‘by the grace of god’ not by the permission of the Brazilian people” (Chasteen 140). Pedro I had an authoritative side to him where he controlled based on his thought that he should rule by the rule of God instead of listening to his constituents and listening to his people. Evidently, Brazil had no form of democracy or reputation. Brazil had a political framework where the general population’s worries, assessments is intentionally not thought about. It is where one’s administer the entire country- dehumanizing their people. In a democracy, the general population get the opportunity to pick who might turn into their leader. Subsequently, far reaching disagreeability of leader may prompt end or indictment. Normally, remembering those factors, leaders confront the consistent strain to perform. There must be solid proof of good work before the leader can plan to be chosen to office, and the work must proceed with the end goal to appreciate the situation of the leader of a nation. However, Brazil lacked much of this democracy and instead pursued more of a monarchy. To add on, Chasteen adds, “Brazil had retained a European dynasty; a nobility of dukes, counts, and barons sporting coats of arms; a tight relationship between church and state; and a full commitment to the institution of chattel slavery, in which some people worked others to death” (Chasteen 139). It is shown that Europeans had full control of Brazil and overworked their people. The only ones living the “lavish”, “exceptional” life are the colonizers, the trespassers. This shows that because Brazil had no type of democratic system that they were automatically taken advantage of by their own leaders.
Colonization was deemed to be a dejected event that happened throughout Latin America. While Europeans profited from the experience, Native Americans and African slaves endured strenuous pain. Native Americans lost control of their properties and societies while both Native Americans and Africans were awfully abused and misused by European pioneers. The violence, genocide, lack of representation, race and selfish need of monetary gain created this horrendous colonization that unfortunately affect Latin America today. Latin America isn’t any more under peninsular lead or need to stress over the Casta framework, in any event not straightforwardly. In any case, it can’t be prevented that the impact from claiming the colonization of Latin America has a negative nearness in our general public. The present racial divisions, monetary strife, destitution, and relocation of Latinos are on the whole results of colonization. Considering the underlining impacts that these convey, for example, lost of culture and self-esteem. Before the Iberians came, the Amerindians had figured out how to live amicably with nature.It made “humanized” men into savages, and “savages” into slaves; leaving a negative social and monetary engraving that Latin America has not broken free from. The alarm is there, and it is dependent upon us currently to attempt to mend it.