Protecting Vulnerable adults

Protecting Vulnerable adults: Before the Care Act 2014 there used to be no protection legislation in the UK although the Department of Health Policy document “No Secrets” offered guidance to social services departments to help protect vulnerable adults at risk of abuse. A vulnerable adults may be someone with a learning disability, mental health needs, a physical or sensory impairment or may be just elderly and frail.
There also used to be the POVA (Protection of vulnerable adults) scheme (Care Standards Act 2000) where individuals were referred to and included on the POVA list if they abused , neglected or otherwise harmed vulnerable adults in their care or placed vulnerable adults in their care at risk of harm. Statutory checks were made under the Criminal Records bureau (CRB) scheme and individuals were not offered employment is care positions if their name appeared on the list.
The Disclosure and Barring Service (DBS) replaced the Criminal Records Bureau (CRB) and Independent Safeguarding Authority (ISA) and helps employers make safer recruitment decisions and prevent unsuitable people from working with vulnerable groups, including children.
Protection is a central part of Safeguarding and promoting welfare. Whilst Safeguarding is the process of protecting an individual who is at risk of suffering harm as a result of harm of abuse or neglect.
No secrets was replaced by the Care Act 2014 on 1 April 2015. No Secrets set out a code pf practice for the protection of vulnerable adults. Whilst The Care Act 2014 makes safeguarding a legal duty under the Act. It gives safeguarding adults a legal framework for the first time. Every organisation who comes in contact with an adults has the responsibility and a role to play to help adults safe and to live a life free from abuse and neglect. The Care Act introduced new duties and responsibilities on local authority adult social services as the lead agencies in protecting adults at risk. It gives public services and government clear responsibilities to make sure people in the most vulnerable situations are safe from abuse or neglect.
Six Key principles underpin all adults safeguarding work
Empowerment – putting people first and helping those who lack capacity feel involved and informed
Prevention – responding quickly to suspected cases of abuse
Proportionally – making sure what we do is appropriate to the situation and for the individual
Protection – Supporting victims so they can take action
Partnership Sharing the right information in the right way
Accountability – making sure all agencies have a clear role