Humans

Humans, environment, and animals encounter radiations every day in their lives without observing them. Radiations can be hazardous and non-harmful to all living things alive and is categorized in to two categories, First the ionizing radiations, Second, the non-ionizing radiations. The non-ionizing radiation include the electromagnetic radiation before visible light, which are non-harmful to living things, in the other hand, Ionizing radiations which include the electromagnetic waves after visible light, are harmful to every living thing in even at low exposure because of the high energy waves they give off from the nuclear particles which are the Alpha low energy, beta higher than alpha, and gamma particles the highest energy. When any ray radiation hits any living thing, the Alpha particles stops moving in the Epidermal cells of the human body and Beta particles stops moving in the tissues which can cause little damage to the body. Gamma rays doesn’t stop, it pierce through the bones and organs of the body which can hit the cell and reverse the function of the organs and the production of proteins will be altered which causes mutations in the DNA, this happens because of the Free radicals, where an e- is removed from H2O which produces Hydroxyl the worst chemical compound because it is unstable and unpaired. Although X-rays are still frequently used in medical field, doctors put in mind and review the patients record in how many times they have been exposed to it and can refuse in whether they can be exposed to X-rays, However it might not be affective and patients can be affected even at low dosages. Radiologist are even more at risk in developing cancer. A great solution in how patients and radiologists can be at great lower risk of getting cancer is by getting lead protection gloves, glasses, and apron to wear to block the gamma particles in passing through the cells due to the Leads high number of electrons. Moreover, Antioxidants can reverse the effect of ionizing radiations since antioxidants donate e- to help in completing the last shell and make it healthier, Vitamin A, C, and E are examples with antioxidants which helps donating e- to cells that are affected from the gamma particles for example, strawberries and cherries are antioxidants. Antioxidants Enzymes can be also taken as pills like Dismutase can help donate e-, Catalase helps in donating 2 e-, and Glutathione helps donating 3 e- to hydroxyl radical which then turns it to H2O, moreover every enzyme taken will focus specifically on each free radical found in body, with this we can prevent any damage will happen to the cells as well as mutations in DNA that causes cancer during x-ray exposure.