FEASIBILITY OF ASH AS A SUBSTITUTE TO COMMERCIAL INK CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION Today

FEASIBILITY OF ASH AS A SUBSTITUTE TO COMMERCIAL INK
CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION
Today, the system of education is modernized and majority of the schools uses electronic and digital way of learning. But despite the modernization, the traditional ‘manila paper and marker’ is stile necessary in the process of learning. Just in case the digital technology fails to do its task then the marker and the Manila paper is always to the rescue. So what if there is a shortage with the marker’s ink? This investigatory project aims to use the possible resources to provide a substitute for marker’s ink by using charcoal as the primary component.
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Pentel Pen is very useful to everyone especially to students and teachers. Thus one of the main reasons of the research team to arrive to this study is the usefulness for the researchers. The research finds difficulty in choosing the product to be tested and to be experimented. The leader of the research team arrived to this kind of problem for the leader itself uses charcoal as substitute to liquefied petroleum gas in their home for cooking. And curiously had the idea to discover further, the uses the charcoal to our lives especially nowadays experiencing crisis. And out of curiosity, the research leader had an idea what if he could discover charcoal pentel pen ink substitute. And this will be proven as soon as experiments will be thoroughly done by the group.
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
1. To convert ash as an alternative to marker’s ink.
2. To be able to compare the ink from the ash and the processed ink sold in the market.
3. To test the effectiveness and usefulness of the ash as ink.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
This study sought to answer the following questions:
1. Can alcohol with ash be used as an alternative ink?
2. What are the advantages and disadvantages of using alcohol with ash as ink?
3. Which is more effective the commercial ink or the alcohol with ash ink?

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The researchers hope that the findings of this research and study will be a great interest and valuable usefulness to the following:
Researches:
The results of this research and study will enable the researchers to present recommendations which will serve as basis for the effective way of using the said study.
Students:
To enable them to discover that the charcoal as ink is helpful to a student to minimize buying commercial ink since this is expensive over the counter.
Teachers:
To enable the teachers to use this technique at home for their own satisfaction and practice cross cutting at home.
Community:
The result of this research and study will enable the community to maximize the use of charcoal as ink instead of relying on commercial ink which is highly priced nowadays.
CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK

SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS
This research study will focus on the production of ink out of ash. It only comes up with the use of ash and other needed products like alcohol for the research. Basically, ash is the only primary ingredient to be used in making the said product.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Ink- is a liquid that contains pigments and/or dyes and is used to color a surface to produce an image, text, or design. Ink is used for drawing and/or writing with a pen, brush, or quill.
Alcohol- is an organic compound in which the hydroxyl functional group (-OH) is bound to a carbon atom. In particular, this carbon center should be saturated, having single bonds to three other atoms.
Ethyl- an ethyl group is an alkyl substituent derived from ethane (C2H6). It has formula –C2H5 and very often abbreviated Et ethyl is used in the IUPAC nomenclature of organic chemistry for a saturated two-carbon moiety in a molecule, whilst the prefix “eth-” is use to indicate the presence of two carbon atoms in the molecule.
CHAPTER II

Materials and Methods
The researchers used the following materials to conduct the experiment. Some materials are just accessible in the kitchen and some are recycled.
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Materials
Ethyl Alcohol
Ash
Mortar and Pestle
Funnel
Bowl
Tissue Paper
Paper
Empty marker packaging

Procedure
The experiment made was done at a spacious room away from the children. The data gathered through experiment and evaluation. The study launched make used of the descriptive-experimental method. In connection to the study the researchers find relevancy and appropriateness of the method since it involved the collection of the data, presentation, analysis, and interpretation of the conditions that exist.

Procedures:
1. Preparation of the materials
Gather all materials in one place that is free from children. Occupy a spacious room in which no one will disturb your work.
2. Preparation of the Ash
Pound the charcoal in a mortar with the pestle. Do it until the charcoal is very fine.
3. Testing of the liquids
Try the charcoal to the two alcohols to be tested. (rubbing and ethyl alcohol)
4. Application of the two alcohols to paper
Apply the pentel pen to a paper to test which of the alcohol is effective.

Experimental Design
The study launched made use of descriptive-experimental method. In connection to the study the researchers find relevancy and appropriateness of the method since it involved the collection of the data, presentation, analysis, and interpretation of the condition that exist.

CHAPTER III
Discussion

Conclusion

Recommendation