According to

According to (Jamal 1981) shift work employees tend to be less socially active. This is particularly relevant as many families are drawn to shift work because it increased the availability of parental care to children in two parent households (i.e. “shift-parenting”). However, a large epidemiological study on time use indicated that children of shift workers actually spend less time with their parents (Walker 1985). This time is seldom compensated with more time on off-days or with more time with the non-shift working parent. This impacts important parent-child activities such as meals together, reading, playing, and other social activities. In opposite sex-couples, this effect is especially evident when it is the mother who is engaged in shift work rather than the father. The earliest reports of research that had dealt with the impact of shift work on the family and Social life was conducted with over 1,000 employees from five different plants and 700 equal respondents from wives. The recent researches have been generally consistent with what was found earlier, except with some differences here and there. In general, night shift or shift work interfere with family roles and dramatically reduce the quality of time spent with family and community. In the case of Social Fabian Andrew James, S. Sudha and R. Manimalar Vol 9 (43) | November 2016 | www.indjst.org Indian Journal of Science and Technology life, found that night shift workers have decreased level of social integration and social relationship where as 9,15 have reported that shift workers have less friends.