17551403486150Body Systems342900147637522002751143000 Digestive System- right34226503-Stomach- produces protease enzymes

17551403486150Body Systems342900147637522002751143000
Digestive System-
right34226503-Stomach- produces protease enzymes. Produces hydrochloric acid to kill bacteria and break down food. Food travels with muscular walls.

003-Stomach- produces protease enzymes. Produces hydrochloric acid to kill bacteria and break down food. Food travels with muscular walls.

-6858003422650Liver- this is where bile is made which neutralises stomach acid and emulsifies fat
00Liver- this is where bile is made which neutralises stomach acid and emulsifies fat
-6381754398645Pancreas- produces carbohydrates, protease and lipase.

00Pancreas- produces carbohydrates, protease and lipase.

567436047320204-Large intestines- food and water processed, dispersed and stored.

004-Large intestines- food and water processed, dispersed and stored.

473392556515005-Small intestines- produces protease, carbohydrates and lipase. Food is absorbed to blood. Surface is full of villi to increase surface area.

005-Small intestines- produces protease, carbohydrates and lipase. Food is absorbed to blood. Surface is full of villi to increase surface area.

481012525082502-Esophagus- pushes food to the stomach
002-Esophagus- pushes food to the stomach
Function is to digest and absorb. Breaks down food into tiny molecules, which are absorbed into the human body.

Interactions- the digestive system works with the circulatory system to make sure nutrients are absorbed and delivered throughout the body. It also channels chemical signals from the endocrine system, which takes care of the speed of the bodies’ digestion. The nervous system maintains the speed of which food travels through the digestive tract. The muscular is connected to the nervous. The throat has muscles, which help the food move down the esophagus. The churning is done by muscles breaking down food into tiny bits.

-2952754222115Rectum- faeces are stored before they go to the anus.

00Rectum- faeces are stored before they go to the anus.

-800100297815Mouth- chews the food down by using the teeth which are a very hard substance. Most adults should have 32 teeth.

Saliva makes the food soft to make sure it is swallow able.

Salivary amylase begins
00Mouth- chews the food down by using the teeth which are a very hard substance. Most adults should have 32 teeth.

Saliva makes the food soft to make sure it is swallow able.

Salivary amylase begins
27051005530215Anus- waste travels from rectum and leaves the body.

00Anus- waste travels from rectum and leaves the body.

139319055308500
27622542672005-Right main bronchi- this allows the air to
005-Right main bronchi- this allows the air to
20002532575504-Lungs- carries out carbon dioxide and oxygen for gas exchange. Ribs protect the lungs as they have lubricates.

004-Lungs- carries out carbon dioxide and oxygen for gas exchange. Ribs protect the lungs as they have lubricates.

center5029200Diaphragm- it helps pump the lungs
00Diaphragm- it helps pump the lungs
54673504829175Alveoli- gas exchange for oxygen and carbon dioxide. Has a large surface area and is thin for gas exchange. Has capillaries around air sacs.

00Alveoli- gas exchange for oxygen and carbon dioxide. Has a large surface area and is thin for gas exchange. Has capillaries around air sacs.

59620153943350Bronchiole- lets the air reach alveoli
No cartilage
00Bronchiole- lets the air reach alveoli
No cartilage
55816502305050Trachea- carries the air to the left/right bronchi
Muscular has cartilage to keep it open.

00Trachea- carries the air to the left/right bronchi
Muscular has cartilage to keep it open.

58197753181350Left main bronchi- lets air enter left lung
00Left main bronchi- lets air enter left lung
57054751543050Pharynx- carries air to the airways.

00Pharynx- carries air to the airways.

142875876300Nasal cavity- filters, moistens and warms the air.

00Nasal cavity- filters, moistens and warms the air.

1428751647825Nostril- air enters thought the nostrils to the body. Contains hair and mucus.

00Nostril- air enters thought the nostrils to the body. Contains hair and mucus.

16192524384003-Larynx- lets air through speech production.

003-Larynx- lets air through speech production.

1283335102806500Respiratory System- series of organs, which take in oxygen and get rid of carbon dioxide. The main organ is the lungs, which take care of gas exchange. Interactions- the respiratory system works with the circulatory to make sure blood is circulated around the body and also oxygen. Air moves from in and out of the 2 lungs. The oxygen transport system also takes oxygen to working muscles through circulatory and respiratory. Receptors make sure information is provided for the position of the body and movement. The musculoskeletal system ensures that the lungs are protected in the respiratory system.

Cardiovascular system-
Delivers oxygen and nutrients to cells of the human body. The arteries carry rich oxygen blood from heat to the body. The veins return blood to the heart after oxygen has been used.
Interactions- the nervous system makes sure the brain can regulate heart rate and blood pressure. The respiratory system makes sure gas exchange can happen in the lungs so waste can leave and oxygen can enter. The digestive system also works with the circulatory system to ensure nutrients get absorbed throughout the body. The circulatory system transfers chemical signals from endocrine system which controls digestion speed.

-83820177165 The valves are there to make sure the chambers are separated and makes sure blood does not flow in the wrong direction.
4000020000 The valves are there to make sure the chambers are separated and makes sure blood does not flow in the wrong direction.
-1905001883410Right atrium- oxygen that is deoxygenated enters this part of the heart. Pumps to the right ventricle which goes to the lungs to be oxygenated.

020000Right atrium- oxygen that is deoxygenated enters this part of the heart. Pumps to the right ventricle which goes to the lungs to be oxygenated.

3533775664210Aorta- heart pumps blood from left ventricle into aorta. Biggest artery in the human body.

020000Aorta- heart pumps blood from left ventricle into aorta. Biggest artery in the human body.

11239502702560Right ventricle- pumps blood to the pulmonary valve and through pulmonary artery to lungs. Out of the heart to body.

020000Right ventricle- pumps blood to the pulmonary valve and through pulmonary artery to lungs. Out of the heart to body.

40189152159635Left atrium- the blood returns to the lungs and can also transport blood
020000Left atrium- the blood returns to the lungs and can also transport blood
40100251692910Pulmonary veins- has thin walls and thin layers of muscle with elastic fibres.

00Pulmonary veins- has thin walls and thin layers of muscle with elastic fibres.

40100251188085Pulmonary artery- has thick outer walls and layers of muscle with elastic fibres.

020000Pulmonary artery- has thick outer walls and layers of muscle with elastic fibres.

40100252628265Left ventricle- given oxygenated blood from left atrium and pumps it to the aorta and out of the heart.

020000Left ventricle- given oxygenated blood from left atrium and pumps it to the aorta and out of the heart.

-1143001199515Pulmonary artery- carries blood from right ventricle to lungs in order for oxygenation.

4000020000Pulmonary artery- carries blood from right ventricle to lungs in order for oxygenation.

-1123951195705Pulmonary artery-
4000020000Pulmonary artery-
133350027241500
Reproductive System- Female
It makes gametes that create new life when connected with gamete from opposite sex. Helps with growth and is in charge of sexual secondary characteristics.

Interactions- the hormones of reproductive affect the nervous system. The endocrine system secretes the hormones to blood and other fluids. The hormones make sure feedback is sent to the brain to affect the neutral processing. It also carries digestion to cells of the body. Excretory waste to the kidneys and hormones.

-381899247051Fallopian tube- they are muscular tubes which connects to the uterus. Is above the ovary.

020000Fallopian tube- they are muscular tubes which connects to the uterus. Is above the ovary.

-2955624323907Sperm duct- keeps sperm from testes to urethra
400000Sperm duct- keeps sperm from testes to urethra
-5264633687720Male reproductive system-
4000020000Male reproductive system-
47682875808680Penis- semen leaves the body from this part and travels to the reproductive female system.

400000Penis- semen leaves the body from this part and travels to the reproductive female system.

39838344522626Epididymitis- the sperm matures here and is able to move around.

400000Epididymitis- the sperm matures here and is able to move around.

361446750757590037224063559870Urinary bladder- muscular and is above, behind pubic bone.

Stores urine
400000Urinary bladder- muscular and is above, behind pubic bone.

Stores urine
-2041581290320Ovary- produces eggs to be fertilised. Produce hormones which are reproductive- oestrogen and progesterone
020000Ovary- produces eggs to be fertilised. Produce hormones which are reproductive- oestrogen and progesterone
38712831925991Cervix- lower part of uterus
Made of muscles
Allows blood from menstrual goes from uterus to vagina. It directs sperm into uterus.

020000Cervix- lower part of uterus
Made of muscles
Allows blood from menstrual goes from uterus to vagina. It directs sperm into uterus.

19852132890184Vagina- from uterus to the outside of the body
020000Vagina- from uterus to the outside of the body
1304266352234500123357654689100136424443094900-3048006623685Testis- makes millions of sperm
Makes testosterone
400000Testis- makes millions of sperm
Makes testosterone
327660021913854305300772160Uterus- Thick bag made of muscle wall and epithelial cell lining.
020000Uterus- Thick bag made of muscle wall and epithelial cell lining.
31432501181735

Renal System-
Removes salt and extra water. Helps in the production in red blood cells. Is involved in the activity of blood pressure.
Interactions- the circulatory system is involved because of blood which circulates through on of kidneys. The endocrine system makes a chemical system, which makes sure the kidneys can control fluids in the body. The circulatory system cleanses blood waste and getting rid of extra fluids. The muscular makes sure there is control within the release of the urine.

828040161290Vena cava- has deoxygenated blood from lower part of body to right atrium of heart.

00Vena cava- has deoxygenated blood from lower part of body to right atrium of heart.

-7505703587115Nephrons-
Separates water, small molecules and ions from blood. Filters waste and toxins. Controlled by ultrafiltration, which happens when the blood pressure makes water and small molecules through small gaps in the capillary walls.

400000Nephrons-
Separates water, small molecules and ions from blood. Filters waste and toxins. Controlled by ultrafiltration, which happens when the blood pressure makes water and small molecules through small gaps in the capillary walls.

181131935715510023193313125973Urethra- urine discharges here
4000020000Urethra- urine discharges here
37001452358390Bladder- muscular sac
Urine is made in kidneys and goes to the bladder via ureters. Stores urine to make sure it can be controlled and infrequent.

020000Bladder- muscular sac
Urine is made in kidneys and goes to the bladder via ureters. Stores urine to make sure it can be controlled and infrequent.

4052677312720Renal artery- carries blood from heart to kidneys. Take lots of dirty blood to be filtered.

4000020000Renal artery- carries blood from heart to kidneys. Take lots of dirty blood to be filtered.

41296091063757Kidney- controls the blood volume and PH. Produces hormones and excrete waste. Has nephrons.

2 kidneys where unfiltered blood comes through the renal artery from aorta. The filtered blood leaves from the renal vein.

Gets rid of salts and water.

4000020000Kidney- controls the blood volume and PH. Produces hormones and excrete waste. Has nephrons.

2 kidneys where unfiltered blood comes through the renal artery from aorta. The filtered blood leaves from the renal vein.

Gets rid of salts and water.

23463851013208383875512461223605842711284246883805659Renal vein- they drain kidneys. Carry filtered blood.

4000020000Renal vein- they drain kidneys. Carry filtered blood.

6541101728410Ureter- urine travels from kidney to the urinary bladder.

4000020000Ureter- urine travels from kidney to the urinary bladder.

204332211773800
Immune System –
2156604606828820530874782952317452162149370030968835705978323490650417444568764195889Thymus- t cells learn their roles. Glandular organ near heart.

020000Thymus- t cells learn their roles. Glandular organ near heart.

left6860540Lymph vessels- collects fluid that may have leaked. Takes it back to circulatory system. They are thin walled and small.

00Lymph vessels- collects fluid that may have leaked. Takes it back to circulatory system. They are thin walled and small.

1538744988584Lymphatic System-
Gets rid of extra tissue fluid and proteins that are in-between cells.

Defence of body
Transports fat acids from digestive system.

Has networks of lymph vessels that get tissue fluids, cleanses it, and returns it to circulatory system.

Picks fats from digestive system that have been absorbed.

00Lymphatic System-
Gets rid of extra tissue fluid and proteins that are in-between cells.

Defence of body
Transports fat acids from digestive system.

Has networks of lymph vessels that get tissue fluids, cleanses it, and returns it to circulatory system.

Picks fats from digestive system that have been absorbed.

41349296342847Bone marrow- creates red blood cells. Has two type of stem cells.

020000Bone marrow- creates red blood cells. Has two type of stem cells.

42868855558790Bloodstream- transports, regulates and protects.

020000Bloodstream- transports, regulates and protects.

36144204592955Spleen- filter for blood. Gets rid of damaged red blood cells. Also removes infectious agents.

020000Spleen- filter for blood. Gets rid of damaged red blood cells. Also removes infectious agents.

-6819902583180Appendix- connected to large intestine. Is small and thin
020000Appendix- connected to large intestine. Is small and thin
180903650851Tonsils and adenoids- help the body from any infections. Have cells and antibodies of immune system to prevent lung and throat infections.

00Tonsils and adenoids- help the body from any infections. Have cells and antibodies of immune system to prevent lung and throat infections.

3890010822816Lymph nodes and lymphatic vessels-
Lymphatic collects fluid that leaks into tissues and makes sure it goes to circulatory system.

00Lymph nodes and lymphatic vessels-
Lymphatic collects fluid that leaks into tissues and makes sure it goes to circulatory system.

1809753281680Bone marrow- produces blood inside bones
00Bone marrow- produces blood inside bones
50167873744187Lymphatic vessels- collects fluid that could have leaked from blood to tissues and to circulation.

00Lymphatic vessels- collects fluid that could have leaked from blood to tissues and to circulation.

center41939230053046952953972Lymph nodes-is small organs that filter dead cells. They do this to show lymphocytes
00Lymph nodes-is small organs that filter dead cells. They do this to show lymphocytes
39333462151871Spleen- acts as a filter for blood. Gets rid of damaged red blood cells. Removes infectious agents.

00Spleen- acts as a filter for blood. Gets rid of damaged red blood cells. Removes infectious agents.

3791071728578Thymus- t cells learn their roles. Is a glandular organ near heart.00Thymus- t cells learn their roles. Is a glandular organ near heart.114681060769500Helps fight off infections and diseases. To function of the system should be able to detect varieties of agents and should get rid of them for organisms healthy tissues. Interactions- works with circulatory in order for transportation. The nervous system may secretion of hormones from pituitary and others.

Endocrine System-
System of chemical messenger which contains hormones. It co-ordinates and controls different organs. Controls water, blood glucose and levels of salt. Helps with growth and reproduction.
Interactions- circulatory system is the transport system for this system. Nervous system uses the neurons, endocrine hormone and chemicals. They travel through the body by using blood vessels. The respiratory works to remove carbon dioxide with the endocrine system. Also helps maintain homeostasis. In order for this to happen it regulates cells, organs, tissues activities.

left5958205Nerve- transmit, process and receives nerve impulses. Combined with other neurons.

020000Nerve- transmit, process and receives nerve impulses. Combined with other neurons.

1885950369125500center5727700042576754087495Brain- maintains our memory, speech and thoughts. Also the movement of legs and arms.

020000Brain- maintains our memory, speech and thoughts. Also the movement of legs and arms.

41332154859020Spinal cord- is used to carry out two important functions. Information reaches spinal cord through the sensory neurons and up to brain
020000Spinal cord- is used to carry out two important functions. Information reaches spinal cord through the sensory neurons and up to brain
1619254116070Ganglion- cluster of neutral bodies.

020000Ganglion- cluster of neutral bodies.

-1555752298065Pancreas- produces insulin which helps the correct amount of sugar in bloodstream
Part of digestive and endocrine system.
4000020000Pancreas- produces insulin which helps the correct amount of sugar in bloodstream
Part of digestive and endocrine system.
-5897594719991Nervous System-
Receives information and also interprets it. Controls organs. Works with the endocrine system. The reflex movements help keep the body safe.

4000020000Nervous System-
Receives information and also interprets it. Controls organs. Works with the endocrine system. The reflex movements help keep the body safe.

-6351433985Thyroid- produces 2 hormones called thyroxine and triiodothyronine. Important for cells in body to function normally.

4000020000Thyroid- produces 2 hormones called thyroxine and triiodothyronine. Important for cells in body to function normally.

2993366157296737523712314456Adrenal- fight or flight
Makes adrenaline and epinephrine. Affect metabolism, sexual and other things.

020000Adrenal- fight or flight
Makes adrenaline and epinephrine. Affect metabolism, sexual and other things.

2072133123194Ovaries- produce estrogen plus progesterone.
4000020000Ovaries- produce estrogen plus progesterone.
37041833270885Testes- makes testosterone
Grow hair at puberty.

4000020000Testes- makes testosterone
Grow hair at puberty.

3773338451246Pineal gland- makes melatonin, which is a chemical. Helps the body get ready for sleep.

4000020000Pineal gland- makes melatonin, which is a chemical. Helps the body get ready for sleep.

-302272666666Pituitary- master gland
Information from brain is sent to other organs. Makes important hormones such as prolactin.

4000020000Pituitary- master gland
Information from brain is sent to other organs. Makes important hormones such as prolactin.

36227341115216Hypothalamus- this connects to nervous system. Tells the pituitary gland to make or homes or not.

020000Hypothalamus- this connects to nervous system. Tells the pituitary gland to make or homes or not.

36955441640900Parathyroid- four small glands behind thyroid. Control calcium and phosphorus levels.

4000020000Parathyroid- four small glands behind thyroid. Control calcium and phosphorus levels.

The nervous system also has 3 functions-
The collection of sensory input which identifies the changes of body. It does this by using sensory receptors. The changes are called stimuli.

Integration- interprets changes and can also makes decisions.

Motor output- can effect responses by muscles or glands which are activated by effectors.

167640035941000
Musculoskeletal System-
Effects our movement. Stores calcium and secures important organs. It supports our organs and manufactures blood cells. Is responsible for stability and the internal movements in our body.

39052503491230Ligaments- connect bones to bones. They form joints
4000020000Ligaments- connect bones to bones. They form joints
41433751446530Cartilage- flexible tissue
Connects bones
4000020000Cartilage- flexible tissue
Connects bones
39719252176780Bones- help and protect organs of body. It can provide structure. They come in different sizes and shapes.

4000020000Bones- help and protect organs of body. It can provide structure. They come in different sizes and shapes.

center1005205Interactions–1619253224530Tendons- joins the muscle to our bone. The collagenous tissue is made from fibers and cells.

4000020000Tendons- joins the muscle to our bone. The collagenous tissue is made from fibers and cells.

-4191001681480Muscles- helps with movement
Supports the joints of the body and posture. The movement can be controlled and voluntary by the muscles of the skeleton however it can be involuntary and controlled by our smooth muscles.

4000020000Muscles- helps with movement
Supports the joints of the body and posture. The movement can be controlled and voluntary by the muscles of the skeleton however it can be involuntary and controlled by our smooth muscles.

every other system works along with musculoskeletal for example the nervous system which provides information to the brain and controls speed of food being digested. The circulatory system also works with it by using the muscles to push blood throughout the body. In order for the lungs to move up and down the muscles need to function as oxygen needs to be received.